Zoroastrian Hell
Visions, Tours and Descriptions
of the Infernal Otherworld

Second Edition
by Eileen Gardiner

Zoroastrianism flourished on the Iranian plateau for 1200 years, from the sixth century BCE to the seventh century CE and the rise of Islam in that region. It survives today among fewer than 200,000 believers, mostly in India and eastern Iran. The religion is based on the teachings of Zoroaster (Zarathustra), a prophet from northeastern Iran.

Very influential ideas about the afterlife — like hell, heaven, individual judgment, resurrection of the dead and last judgment — might originate in Zoroastrianism, but there remains much uncertainty surrounding the original texts.

Nevertheless, Zoroastrianism provides vivid, rich and provocative descriptions of hell. Five surviving texts are included here:

A Book of Scriptures (Hadhokht Nask)
• The Book of Ardâ Vîrâf (Arda Viraf Namak)
• Religious Judgments (Dadestan-i Denig)
• The Book of the Judgments of the Spirit of Wisdom (Mainyo-I-Khard)
Acts of Religion (Denkard).

This work is published in conjunction with the website
www.Hell-on-Line.org, which presents a comprehensive collection of materials on the more than 100 visions, tours and descriptions of the infernal otherworld from the cultures of the world from 2000 BCE to the present.

Five texts. 84 pp. Includes preface, introduction, notes, glossary, bibliography and web resources.

ISBN: 978-1-59910-285-6
Price: $10.00

Kindle Edition
Price: $9.99

E-Book Library Edition
ISBN: 978-1-59910-0246

Pricing will vary.

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