Zoroastrianism flourished on the Iranian plateau for 1200 years, from the sixth century BCE to the seventh century CE and the rise of Islam in that region. It survives today among fewer than 200,000 believers, mostly in India and eastern Iran. The religion is based on the teachings of Zoroaster (Zarathustra), a prophet from northeastern Iran.
Very influential ideas about the afterlife — like hell, heaven, individual judgment, resurrection of the dead and last judgment — might originate in Zoroastrianism, but there remains much uncertainty surrounding the original texts.
Nevertheless, Zoroastrianism provides vivid, rich and provocative descriptions of hell. Five surviving texts are included here:
This work is published in conjunction with the website
Five texts. 84 pp. Includes preface, introduction, notes, glossary, bibliography and web resources.
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